Wednesday, July 25, 2007
Before software can be reusable, it first has to be usable.
Good judgment comes from experience, and experience comes from bad judgment.
Theory is when you know something, but it doesn't work.
Practice is when something works, but you don't know why it works.
Programmers combine theory and practice: Nothing works and they don't know why.
It's hard enough to find an error in your code when you're looking for it;
it's even harder when you've assumed your code is error-free.
-Steve McConnell Code Complete
If builders built buildings the way programmers wrote programs, then the first woodpecker that came along would destroy civilization.
The Six Phases of a Project:
Search for the Guilty
Punishment of the Innocent
Praise for non-participants
Good code is its own best documentation. As you're about to add a comment,
ask yourself, 'How can I improve the code so that this comment isn't needed?'
Improve the code and then document it to make it even clearer.
--Steve McConnell Code Complete
The trouble with the world is that the stupid are sure and the intelligent are full of doubt.
No matter how slick (efficient) the demo is in rehearsal,
when you do it in front of a live audience the probability of a flawless presentation
is inversely proportional to the number of people watching,
raised to the power of the amount of money involved.
One of the main causes of the fall of the Roman Empire was that, lacking zero, they had no way to indicate successful termination of their C programs.
Fifty years of programming language research and we end up with C++?
--Richard A. O'Keefe
C programmers never die. They are just cast into void.
If debugging is the process of removing bugs, then programming must be the process of putting them in.
You can either have software quality or you can have pointer arithmetic;
you cannot have both at the same time.
There are two ways to write error-free programs; only the third works.
--Alan J. Perlis
Measuring programming progress by lines of code is like measuring aircraft building progress by weight.
The first 90% of the code accounts for the first 90% of the development time.
The remaining 10% of the code accounts for the other 90% of the development time.
Programmers are in a race with the Universe to create bigger and better idiot-proof programs
The Universe is trying to create bigger and better idiots.
So far the Universe is winning.
"The government recently announced that all places of work in the country will be declared smoke free and those found flouting the law will be strictly punished."
Tobacco control in the country..?? is it really feasible..??
"People can then smoke on roads or homes, provided their wives allow them," words from Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss adding that even at home they will have to seek the permission of their maids as they are their employee..??
checkout this artilce [http://in.rediff.com/money/2007/jul/20smoke.htm]
Tuesday, July 24, 2007
Friday, July 20, 2007
press the 1 key three times
How to see the phone blockage
How to go to the service menu
Finding your IMEA number
The IMEA number on your cell phone is a 15 digit number of the format nnnnnnnn-nnnnnn-n-nn.To find it, you have to press *#06# on your keypad. It will display your IMEA number.
< move the joystick left
> move the joystick right
"Today's Magic is Tomorow's Science" -- by someone, but it seems like his words are true.. i-Limb, the new bionic limb, for people with missing limbs!
Advances in technology are making the daily headlines. Thanks to those mechanical engineers who have made this movie prototype come for real.
At $18,000, it ain't cheap. But it is pretty freakin' cool.
Check out the touch bionics website link about i-limb http://www.touchbionics.com/professionals.php?section=4
I was just reading about this i-Limb and i also came to know that the C-Leg, a high-tech prosthetic leg, is also on its last testing phase. Soon only our brain will be natural.. we all will be like roboCop soon. I believe it will take time to create an artifical brain.. If created, the world will be like what they show in i-robot.
Man these sci-fi movies are comin true!
is this really true??
1) would treat her nicely
2) wouldn't run away from her
3) would be good in bed.
Then, one day, she heard the doorbell ring. She answered it, and there on the front porch was a man in a wheel chair who didn't have any arms or legs.
"I'm here about the ad you put in the paper. As you can see, I have no arms so I can't beat you, and I have no legs so I can't run away from you."
"Yes, but are you good in bed?"
"How do you think I rang the doorbell?"
Thursday, July 19, 2007
Dearness Allowance (DA)
House Rent Allowance (HRA)
Children Education Allowance and Hostel expenditure allowance
Leave Travel Concession (LTA)
Your basic salary is fully taxable
Dearness Allowance (DA)
DA is fully taxable
HRA is given by an employer to an employee to compensate towards any rent he may be paying towards house accommodation. But this element is tax-free only if you are actually paying rent. To ensure this, the income tax laws restrict the exemption that you can get on the HRA to the lowest of the three conditions:
|HRA actually received||HRA actually received|
|Rent paid in excess of 10% of salary||Rent paid in excess of 10% of salary|
|50% of salary||40% of salary|
(Salary = basic + DA + commission if paid as a fixed percentage of sales)
How to calculate taxable amount
Step 1 - Take the figure of HRA received during the year
Step 2 - Calculate the lowest of the three amounts mentioned in the table above according to the city you are staying in
Step 3 - Deduct Step 2 from Step 1
The balance is taxable
This is an allowance that an employer gives his employee to meet the expenses that he incurs to commute from his home to the place of work. An amount of up to Rs 800 per month is exempt from tax. Any amount paid over and above this is taxable. In case the employee is orthopaedically handicapped, the tax-free limit
on this allowance is Rs 1,600.
Children Education Allowance and Hostel expenditure allowance
The employer can pay an amount of Rs 100 per month per child for up to two children to his employee towards children\'s education. He can also pay Rs 300 per month per child for up to two children towards hostel expenditure. Both these would be tax-free.
Leave Travel Concession (LTA)
This is a concession that an employer may pay his employee as reimbursement towards any travel expenses within India that the employee may incur while he is on leave. The travel expenses maybe incurred for the employee and his family. The nature of taxation of this particular concession is slightly complicated.
While this concession or allowance can be paid to the employee every year, it is treated as tax-free only for two journeys in a block of four years. The 'block of four years' has been defined by the income tax laws. They are 1998-2001, 2002-2005, 2006-2009 and so on. These are calendar years.
Let us explain with an example. Suppose your employer pays you Rs 10,000 every year as LTA. Suppose the 'block of four years' is 2002 to 2005. During this period of four years, you can make two journeys, which are tax-free. You can make both journeys in any one of the four years or spread out the journeys over the four years. For any journeys in excess of these two, any reimbursement or allowance paid will be taxed.
The reimbursement would be restricted to actual travel expenses. However, there is an overall ceiling on this, which is restricted to:
|Air travel||Economy fare of national carrier(India Airlines or Air India)|
|Rail travel||First class AC fare|
|Road||Public transport - First class or deluxe classIf there is no recognized transport - Equivalent of first class AC fare|
So what happens if the first time you are receiving LTA is in the year 2005? In order to claim it as tax-free, you must make the journey in the same year to get a tax exemption. You can make two journeys in the same year if you cannot exhaust your limit in one.
An employer can re-imburse the expenditure incurred by the employee on himself and his family. This amount would be tax-free to the extent of Rs 15,000 per annum.
What are perquisites?
Perquisites or perks as they are commonly referred to are benefits that an employer gives to his employee in addition to his regular salary. These are usually in the form of kind such as accommodation or motorcar or even concessional loans and so on.
These are not part of the monthly salary of the employee, and hence cannot be taxed directly. But they are benefits that the employee receives instead of a cash salary and hence form a
part of taxable income.
Which are the perquisites that are taxed?
The Income Tax laws have identified certain categories of assets or benefits that will be considered as part of income and therefore taxed. The main categories are:
- Residential accommodation provided by the employer to the employee
- Use of motor car
- Services such as that of a gardener, watchman, sweeper or any personal attendant that the employer provides to his employee
- Provisions such as gas, electricity or water that the employee uses in his house but which is paid for by the employer
- Any free education or concessional education provided to the employee or his family
- Interest free loans
- Reimbursement of holiday related travel or accommodation
- Festival gifts or vouchers
- Individual club membership
The tax on perquisite is calculated on the basis of a value attached to each item. The calculation of this value varies from category to category. Nevertheless, the thumb rule across all categories is that only those benefits that the employee uses for his personal purpose will be considered as perquisites. Further, if the employee pays any amount towards using these facilities, such amount would be reduced from the perquisite value before the tax is calculated. The total of
all perquisite values will be added to the salary income and tax will be calculated on the usual slabs.
Wednesday, July 18, 2007
Tuesday, July 17, 2007
The boy decides to go home and try it out. As he is greeted by his mother at the front door he says, "I know the whole truth." His mother quickly hands him $20 and says, "Just don't tell your father."
Quite pleased, the boy waits for his father to get home from work, and greets him with, "I know the whole truth." The father promptly hands him $40 and says, "Please don't say a word to your mother."
Very pleased, the boy is on his way to school the next day, when he sees the mailman at his front door. The boy greets him by saying, "I know the whole truth." The mailman drops the mail, opens his arms and says, "Then come give your FATHER a big hug."
Friday, July 13, 2007
Ref: [CNN] (http://archives.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/asiapcf/auspac/08/07/australia.lightspeed/index.html)
SYDNEY, Australia -- The crux of Einstein's theory of relativity -- that E = mc 2 -- is under challenge, following evidence that the speed of light might be slowing down.
The discovery, made by a team of Australian scientists, undermines Einstein's key formula which maintains that the speed of light must remain constant.
The speed of light is measured as roughly 300,000 kilometers (186,300 miles) a second.
The team's findings, which are published in the latest edition of respected science journal Nature, are causing a major stir in the lofty circles of theoretical physics.
Team leader Paul Davies, of Sydney's Macquarie University, says that if the speed of light has slowed over billions of years, physicists will have to rethink many of their basic ideas about the laws of the universe.
"That means giving up the theory of relativity and E = mc2 and all that sort of stuff," Davies told Reuters news agency on Thursday.
QUICKVOTE Do you understand E = mc2?
Yes No Sort of View Results EXTRA INFORMATION Animation: Violations of relativity theory in space CNN.com Asia More news from ourAsia edition "But of course it doesn't mean we just throw the books in the bin, because it's in the nature of scientific revolution that the old theories become incorporated in the new ones."
What Davies and his team did was study a 12 billion-year-old stream of light.
CornerstoneThey discovered it did not have the properties it was expected to, and by a process of elimination deduced that the speed of light must have been much faster billions of years ago.
"It's entirely possible that the speed of light would have got greater and greater as you go back," he told the Herald Sun newspaper.
"If the speed of light were nearly infinite in the first split second [of the universe's creation] it would explain why the universe is so uniform."
The implications of the discovery -- if it is proven correct -- are not necessarily clear.
Einstein: Time for a rethink? "When one of the cornerstones of physics collapses, it's not obvious what you hang onto and what you discard," Davies told Reuters.
"If what we're seeing is the beginnings of a paradigm shift in physics like what happened 100 years ago with the theory of relativity and quantum theory, it is very hard to know what sort of reasoning to bring to bear."
'All bets off'"For example there's a cherished law that says nothing can go faster than light and that follows from the theory of relativity," Davies said.
"Maybe it's possible to get around that restriction, in which case it would enthrall Star Trek fans because at the moment even at the speed of light it would take 100,000 years to cross the galaxy.
"It's a bit of a bore really and if the speed of light limit could go, then who knows? All bets are off."
Davies is a Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Australian Center for Astrobiology at Macquarie University.
Last week he received the British Royal Society's Michael Faraday Award for his efforts in furthering the public communication of science, engineering or technology in the United Kingdom.
Davies has a worldwide reputation as an enthusiastic and skilled communicator of contemporary physics issues.
At a rally of Indians in Burma, July 4, 1944
This was the statement he made at the great rally where he was elected with
acclaim as the leader of the freedom movement in East Asia. The speech infused
new life to a movement which had been weakened by internal dissentions.
. . . . Editor,
Friends! Twelve months ago a new programme of 'total mobilisation' or 'maximum sacrifice' was placed before Indians in East Asia. Today I shall give you an account of our achievements during the past year and shall place before you our demands for the coming year. But, before I do so, I want you to realise once again what a golden opportunity we have for winning freedom. The British are engaged in a worldwide struggle and in the course of this struggle they have suffered defeat after defeat on so many fronts. The enemy having been thus considerably weakened, our fight for liberty has become very much easier than it was five years ago. Such a rare and God-given opportunity comes once in a century. That is why we have sworn to fully utilise this opportunity for liberating our motherland from the British yoke.I am so very hopeful and optimistic about the outcome of our struggle, because I do not rely merely on the efforts of three million Indians in East Asia. There is a gigantic movement going on inside India and millions of our countrymen are prepared for maximum suffering and sacrifice in order to achieve liberty.
Unfortunately, ever since the great fight of 1857, our countrymen are disarmed, whereas the enemy is armed to the teeth. Without arms and without a modern army, it is impossible for a disarmed people to win freedom in this modern age. Through the grace of Providence and through the help of generous Nippon, it has become possible for Indians in East Asia to get arms to build up a modern army. Moreover, Indians in East Asia are united to a man in the endeavour to win freedom and all the religious and other differences that the British tried to engineer inside India, simply do not exist in East Asia. Consequently, we have now an ideal combination of circumstances favouring the success of our struggle- and all that is wanted is that Indians should themselves come forward to pay the price of liberty. According to the programme of 'total mobilisation', I demanded of you men, money and materials. Regarding men, I am glad to tell you that I have obtained sufficient recruits already. Recruits have come to us from every corner of east Asia- from China, Japan, Indo-China, Philippines, Java, Borneo, Celebes, Sumatra, Malaya, Thailand and Burma…
You must continue the mobilisation of men, money and materials with greater vigour and energy, in particular, the problem of supplies and transport has to be solved satisfactorily.
We require more men and women of all categories for administration and reconstruction in liberated areas. We must be prepared for a situation in which the enemy will ruthlessly apply the scorched earth policy, before withdrawing from a particular area and will also force the civilian population to evacuate as was attempted in Burma.
The most important of all is the problem of sending reinforcements in men and in supplies to the fighting fronts. If we do not do so, we cannot hope to maintain our success at the fronts. Nor can we hope to penetrate deeper into India.
Those of you who will continue to work on the Home Front should never forget that East Asia- and particularly Burma- from our base for the war of liberation. If this base is not strong, our fighting forces can never be victorious. Remember that this is a 'total war'- and not merely a war between two armies. That is why for a full one year I have been laying so much stress on 'total mobilisation' in the East.
There is another reason why I want you to look after the Home Front properly. During the coming months I and my colleagues on the War Committee of the Cabinet desire to devote our whole attention to the fighting front- and also to the task of working up the revolution inside India. Consequently, we want to be fully assured that the work at the base will go on smoothly and uninterruptedly even in our absence.
Friends, one year ago, when I made certain demands of you, I told you that if you give me 'total mobilization', I would give you a 'second front'. I have redeemed that pledge. The first phase of our campaign is over. Our victorious troops, fighting side by side with Nipponese troops, have pushed back the enemy and are now fighting bravely on the sacred soil of our dear motherland.
Gird up your loins for the task that now lies ahead. I had asked you for men, money and materials. I have got them in generous measure. Now I demand more of you. Men, money and materials cannot by themselves bring victory or freedom. We must have the motive-power that will inspire us to brave deeds and heroic exploits.
It will be a fatal mistake for you to wish to live and see India free simply because victory is now within reach. No one here should have the desire to live to enjoy freedom. A long fight is still in front of us.
We should have but one desire today- the desire to die so that India may live- the desire to face a martyr's death, so that the path to freedom may be paved with the martyr's blood.
Friend's! my comrades in the War of Liberation! Today I demand of you one thing, above all. I demand of you blood. It is blood alone that can avenge the blood that the enemy has spilt. It is blood alone that can pay the price of freedom. Give me blood and I promise you freedom.
SOLDIERS of India's Army of Liberationl! Today is the proudest day of my life. Today it has pleased Providence to give me the unique privilege and honour of announcing to the whole world that India's Army of Liberation has come into being. This army has now been drawn up in military formation on the battlefield of Singapore, which was once the bulwark of the British Empire.
This is not only the Army that will emancipate India from the British yoke, it is also the Army that will hereafter create the future national army of Free India. Every Indian must feel proud that this Army, his own Army, has been organized entirely under Indian leadership and that when the historic moment arrives, under Indian leadership it will go to battle.
There are people who thought at one time that the Emrpire on which the sun did not set was an everlasting empire. No such thought ever troubled me. History had taught me that every empire has its inevitable decline and collapse. Moreover I had seen with my own eyes, cities and fortresses that were once the bulwarks but which became the graveyards of by-gone empires. Standing today on the graveyard of the British empire, even a child is convinced that the alnmighty British empire is already a thing of the past.
When France declared war on Germany in 1939 and the campain began, there was but one cry which rose from the lips of German soldiers--"To Paris, To Paris !" When the Brave soldiers of Nippon set out on their march in December 1941 there was but one cry which rose from their lips-"To Singapore. to Singapore !" Comrades ! Soldiers ! Let your battle-cry be-"To-Delhi To Delhi ! " How many of us will individually survive this war of freedom, I do not know. But I do know this, that we shall ultimately win and our task will not end until our surviving heroes hold the victory parade on another graveyard of the British empire, the Lal Kila or Red Fortress of ancient Delhi.
Throughout my public career, I have always felt that though India is otherwise ripe for independence in every way, she has lacked one thing, namely an army of liberation. George Washington of America could fight and win freedom, because he had his army. Garibaldi could liberate Italy, because he had his armed volunteers behind him. It is your privilege and honour to be the first to come forward and organize India's national army. By doing so, you have removed the last obstacle in our path to freedom. Be happy and proud that you are the pioneers, the vanguard, in such a noble cause.
Let me remind you that you have a two-fold task to perform. With the force of arms and at the cost of your blood you will have to win liberty. Then, when India is free, you will have to organize the permanent army of Free India, whose task it will be to preserve our liberty for all time. We must build up our national defence on such an unshakable foundation that never again in our history shall we lose our freedom.
As soldiers, you will always have to cherish and live up to the three-ideals of faithfulness, duty and sacrifice. Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible. If you, too, want to be invincible, engrave these three ideals in the innermost core of your hearts.
Comrades ! You have voluntarily accepted a mission that is the noblest that the human mind can conceive of. For the fulfilment of such a mission no sacrifice is too great, not even the sacrifice of one's life. You are today the custodians of India's national honour and the embodiment of India's hopes and aspirations. So conduct yourself that your countrymen may bless you and posterity may be proud of you.
Inquilab Zindabad ! Azad Hind Zindabad !